Rights + Development

At the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994, 179 Governments adopted a landmark 20 year Programme of Action to deliver a more equal, sustainable world.

Led by the United Nations, the main achievement of the ICPD was that it made a clear practical connection between human rights, population dynamics and economic development.

The ICPD Programme of Action highlighted the relationship between gender inequality and poverty, poor health, poor educational attainment and sustainable economic development. It recognised that women and young people are often less able to access their human rights and less likely to gain from the benefits of economic development and that countries needed to focus on the human rights and needs of women and young people.

Since their original commitment was made in Cairo in 1994 governments of member states have re-affirmed their commitment to action on the ICPD Programme of Action every five years.

Key themes addressed in the programme of action


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