Latin America and the Caribbean

Montevideo Consensus - Latin America and Caribbean agreement on ICPD Beyond 2014

Consenso de Montevideo

Conference highlights

 High level panel: Integrating the proposed regional agenda on population and development beyond 2014 in the post 2015 development agenda


 - Conferência Regional sobre População e Desenvolvimento na América Latina e o Caribe

- Conferencia Regional sobre Población y Desarrollo de América Latina y el Caribe


With the start of 2013, the global debate on population and development priorities for the 21st century has entered a critical stage in Latin America and the Caribbean. Two decades after the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) adopted the Cairo Programme of Action, an updated agenda is needed to address population and sustainable development challenges in a fast-changing world.

Since Cairo, there is evidence of progress across the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region. We have seen recognition of reproductive rights within the constitutions of countries, such as Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela. By raising awareness of the relationships between sexual and reproductive health and rights and development, the ICPD Programme of Action has supported policy frameworks and programmes that focus on the reproductive rights and sexual health needs of women and young people in the region.  Even with this policy context, the ICPD agenda in the region remains unfinished – significant inequalities remain and new challenges have emerged.

Maternal mortality continues to be a health and social challenge in LAC. Despite the fact that rates have decreased by 41% in the past decade, numbers are disproportionately high within the indigenous and afro- descendant populations and among the poorest of the poor. Sexual and reproductive rights remain unrealized for many. Unmet need for family planning is high among adolescent and young people, indigenous and other excluded populations. The region has the second highest fertility rates among adolescents, as well as the highest unsafe abortion rates in the world.  HIV/AIDS rates are alarming among young people in the Caribbean.

Identifying and addressing these challenges while rising to the challenge of new issues in the region is the focus of the Regional Conference on Population and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, to be held from 12 to 15 August 2013 in Montevideo, Uruguay. The conference is organized by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) with the support of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).  

An extensive survey carried out among UNECLAC member States has gathered evidence about progress and challenges in implementing the ICPD Programme of Action. The regional report summarizing the results of the survey will be launched at the Conference, and participants will discuss future policy directions based on the report’s findings. The outcome will feature in the ICPD Global Report to the UN Secretary General and is expected to influence the post 2015 development agenda.

Programme themes

  • Rights, needs and demands of adolescents and youth.
  • Ageing, social protection and socio-economic challenges
  • Gaps in universal access to sexual and reproductive health services and gender equality
  • Territorial inequality, space mobility and environmental sustainability
  • International migration and the protection of the rights of all migrants
  • Indigenous and afro-descendant populations: multiculturalism and rights

Sessions organised by the Government of Uruguay

  • The importance of integration for public policy population making
  • Public policies for gender equality: A central factor for the development
  • Comprehensive care to women's health, and successful strategies for reducing maternal mortality

Pre-Conference sessions

  • Investing in Youth and presentation of the first survey-report on youth in Iberoamerica.
  • Civil Society Organizations Meeting: Women and Youth.

Further information and contacts

Background documents and conference contact information, inlcuding registration processes can be found on the Economic and Social Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean website.


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